Napak Tilas Andalusia: Memahami Sejarah Islam di Eropa

Dewi Nur Aisyah

“For nearly eight centuries, under the Mohamedan rule, Spain set all Europe a shining example of a civilized and enlightened state. Her fertile provinces rendered doubly prolific, by the industrious engineering skill of the conquerors bore fruit a hundredfold, cities innumerable sprang up in the rich valleys in the Guadalquivir and the Guadiana whose names, and names only commemorate the vanished glories of their past.” (Stanly Lane-Poole)

Tercatatlah dalam sejarah sebuah pertempuran yang luar biasa. 12.000 pasukan muslim melawan 100.000 pasukan Raja Roderick. Hingga Allah berikan kemenangan pada pasukan ini di hari kedelapan perang di bawah jenderal perangnya yang mulia, Thariq bin Ziyad, seorang yang lahir dari kabilah Barbar di daerah Maroko. Setelah Musa bin Nushair membuka jalan pasukan Islam ke Eropa, Thariq bin Ziyad menyempurnakannya dengan menaklukkan Andalusia. Atas perintah al-Walid bin Abdul Malik (khalifah Bani Umayyah), Thariq membawa pasukan Islam menyeberangi selat Gibraltar menuju daratan Eropa.

Sejarah pun…

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